Autism is a developmental disability that affects the brain’s ability to process social and sensory input. As such, those with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) often struggle with communication and interaction in ways that can make them seem different from other people. Recognizing these signs early on can help parents or caregivers take steps towards getting their child diagnosed, which will pave the way for therapies designed to improve their quality of life.

It’s important to know the signs of autism so you can help your children, family members, and friends get the right resources. It starts with understanding what autism is and how it impacts someone’s life.

Here are some common symptoms:

  • difficulty socializing with others  
  • a need for repetitive routines or rituals 
  • speech difficulties like not speaking at all or repeating words over and over again in an effort to calm themselves down 
  • unusual sensitivity to light, sound, smells, tastes, textures, pain or temperature changes.